Drawing Conclusions

Author: Nicole
Lesssoncast
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Introduction

This lesson idea helps students improve reading comprehension by drawing conclusions. It's about being a detective - putting together clues and evidence from the text to determine meaning. Picture this: You’ve arrived at your bus stop two minutes later than usual. There are usually ten other students at your stop, but right now there are none. There is a school bus down the road heading towards the school, but it is too far away to see the number. What conclusion can you draw? Explain to students that they draw conclusions every day. It’s putting the clues (or evidence from the text) together to form meaning and gain understanding.

Introduction 2

Picture this: You’ve arrived at your bus stop two minutes later than usual. There are usually ten other students at your stop, but right now there are none. There is a school bus down the road heading towards the school, but it is too far away to see the number. What conclusion can you draw?

Introduction 3

Explain to students that they draw conclusions every day. It’s putting the clues (or evidence from the text) together to form meaning and gain understanding.

Procedure

This reading strategy can be used with literary or informational texts. For this lessoncast we used the picture book, The Wretched Stone. Before reading, focus attention on a question that requires students to draw conclusions by putting together information from multiple parts of the text. During reading, model how to use think-about questions and cite information from the text that relates to the focus question. {What visual details offer clues? What facts/details provide key information? What can we learn from the characters’/subjects’ thoughts, actions, and words? Was there an important turn of events or shift in tone? What cause and effect relationships may be present?} Allow students to record information on a graphic organizer or post-it notes. After reading, review the evidence and draw a conclusion to answer the focus question. If students give an answer that is off-base, ask them to show in the text evidence that supports their answer. Usually, this helps them to rethink their conclusion.

Procedure 2

Before reading, focus attention on a question that requires students to draw conclusions by putting together information from multiple parts of the text.

Procedure 3

During reading, model how to use think-about questions and cite information from the text that relates to the focus question. {What visual details offer clues? What facts/details provide key information? What can we learn from the characters’/subjects’ thoughts, actions, and words? Was there an important turn of events or shift in tone? What cause and effect relationships may be present?} Allow students to record information on a graphic organizer or post-it notes.

Procedure 4

After reading, review the evidence and draw a conclusion to answer the focus question. If students give an answer that is off-base, ask them to show in the text evidence that supports their answer. Usually, this helps them to rethink their conclusion.

Differentiation

For a different mode of presentation, students can practice the strategy when watching a video clip. Drawing conclusions works for informational and literary clips. For different modes of expression and engagement, students can incorporate visualizing and sketching clues to draw a conclusion.

Interdisciplinary

Drawing conclusions is a skill that transcends content areas. {Why did the United States enter WWII? What causes seasons on Earth?} Reinforce that conclusions are drawn based on evidence. Students need to be able to articulate supporting details to support their response.

Closing

Drawing conclusions requires examining evidence and synthesizing information. Help students sharpen this skill so they can better comprehend text and pull together clues to gain new insight.

Attachments

Grades

  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8

Key Skills

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Drawing Conclusions
  • Informational Text (Integration of Ideas)
  • Synthesis
  • Literature (Integration of Ideas)
  • Synthesis

Standards

  • Literacy.RL.4.1
  • Literacy.RL.5.1
  • Literacy.RL.6.1
  • Literacy.RL.7.1
  • Literacy.RL.8.1

Assessments

What conclusion(s) can you draw based on the information given? What evidence have you gathered to support your conclusion? How does drawing conclusions help you gain a higher level of understanding?

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